Cat drooling can be caused by many different things. It can be an indication of bad teeth, nausea, a poorly thought-out lick of an irritant substance, or even kidney disease. Many owners will understandably chalk up a bit of dribbling as being normal for their cat, especially if they dribble whilst they are purring. However, it is important to remember that some of the causes of cat drooling can be serious, especially without prompt treatment. So, what do you need to look out for? And when do you need to take your cat to the vet?
Dental disease is really common in cats, especially those that are middle-aged or older so it’s important you know how to keep cat teeth clean. Inflammation and infection of the gums and the roots of the teeth can lead to pain and dribbling. If your feline friend is drooling, but you've also noticed them losing weight, dropping food, or pawing at their mouth, it could be that they have bad teeth.
An appointment with your vet will allow them to give your cat a full check over, and if necessary, arrange for a dental procedure. Although any procedure under anaesthetic is a worry, dealing with dental disease as early as possible will reduce the need for any teeth to be removed.
If your cat is feeling sick, you may notice them dribbling a lot. Some signs that the drooling might be related to nausea would be eating grass, vomiting, or even diarrhoea. If your cat is still eating and seems well otherwise, they may improve on a bland diet of white fish or chicken. However, if your cat’s not eating, coupled with persistent vomiting, this poses a serious risk of dehydration. Therefore, if they are not eating or if symptoms persist they should see a vet for a check over as they may need anti-nausea medications or some further tests.
Cats can also drool because of painful ulcers in their mouth, on their tongue, or even their throat. One of the possible causes of these ulcers is if they have licked or drank an irritant or caustic substance. Many chemicals can cause serious harm if they are ingested, from floor cleaner to paint stripper, and as a rule, if you wouldn't drink it yourself, neither should a cat. These substances can cause ulceration from the mouth down to the stomach, and sometimes even further. If your cat suddenly starts dribbling, seems to be in pain, is vomiting, or is acting unusually and you know that they have had access to a chemical that they shouldn't have, take them to your vet urgently.
Another cause of ulceration in the mouth, particularly on the tongue is kidney disease. As the kidneys fail, toxins build up in the body and damage the tiny blood vessels at the edge of the tongue. If your cat has kidney disease, alongside drooling you might also notice an increase in how much they drink as well as how often they pass urine. You might also notice them looking a little scrawnier than normal due to weight loss. If you suspect that your cat might be showing signs of kidney disease, speak to your vet about arranging a check-up and blood test.
So, what should you do if your cat is drooling?
If your cat is drooling, it could be for many reasons. It’s best not to delay seeing a vet for too long as some of the causes can be serious and many are more treatable early on. Check your cat for other signs like weight loss or a change in appetite or thirst. You should also consider whether or not your cat may have had access to a toxin or irritant substance – could you have left the shed door open? Or perhaps you spilled a chemical while doing some DIY?
Finally, watch out for any vomiting, diarrhoea, eating grass, or signs that their mouth is causing them pain. All of these clues will help you and your vet determine what the underlying cause of the drooling might be and give your furry friend the best chance of a full recovery.
Dr Hannah Godfrey is a small animal vet with a love of dentistry and soft tissue surgery. She lives in Wales with her partner, son, and their two cats.
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