Mosquito bites on dogs may seem harmless enough but they can cause some nasty side effects in our pet pooches - if they are unlucky enough to receive a bite.
But just how likely is this to happen? What do the bites look like? And what risks (besides itchiness) can they pose? Our vets take a look at the topic.
What is a mosquito bite?
Mosquitos are a family of flying insects that live in warm climates. They bite mammals (including dogs and humans) to feed on their blood.
As part of this feeding process, they also inject various substances into the body which can cause irritation and swelling, leading to the redness and itchiness that mosquito bites cause.
Some mosquitos can also pass on various diseases as part of this feeding process. The most important of these for dogs is heartworm (opens in new tab) (Dirofilaria immitis).
Can mosquitos bite dogs?
Yes – mosquitos can bite dogs, and will quite happily feed from them. These bites can be very irritating to dogs, and can also pass on heartworm infections, too.
What do mosquito bites look like on dogs?
Mosquito bites themselves are very small and difficult to see. However, if a dog gets stung by a mosquito, their body will usually react to it and cause a small red bump to form on the skin.
Signs and symptoms of a mosquito bite on a dog include:
- A small, red bump on the skin, which may be warm to touch
- Itchiness or pain, which may cause your dog to scratch or lick at the area
- General nervousness or irritability from the itchiness
If the bite becomes infected, then you may also see a thick, sticky discharge from the area.
It is easier for mosquitos to bite areas where the fur is shorter, such as the groin, belly, or face. However, if your dog still has some fur or darker skin in these areas, then it may be difficult to spot.
Some dogs are very sensitive to mosquito bites and may develop a much larger swelling in response, which can be several centimetres wide and tall. These cause the skin to become pink and warm, but usually not as red as the small area around the bite itself.
Treating mosquito bites on dogs
All dogs react differently to mosquito bites. Many of them will only have minor reactions that do not need any treatment, though you should monitor the area for signs of infection.
Signs of an infected mosquito bite in dogs include:
- Thick, sticky discharge
- Severe redness
- Severe itchiness
If your dog tries to lick or chew at a bite, then you should prevent this with an Elizabethan collar (or similar). Licking or chewing will make the bite more irritating, and can also lead to infection.
You can keep a mosquito bite clean by using cool salt water. Boil some water, allow it to cool, and then measure out 500ml (1 pint) of water and add 1 teaspoon of table salt.
Use this to gently bathe the area to keep it clean from dirt. However, do not do this too often, or you may irritate the area further. Two to three times a day is usually sufficient unless the area appears dirty.
When to see a veterinarian
Some dogs can have severe reactions to mosquito bites, and the area can rapidly become very swollen. If this occurs, then you should see a veterinarian as soon as possible.
If a mosquito bite is becoming progressively redder or larger, or your dog is very distressed by it, then you should make an appointment with your veterinarian. They can prescribe creams or tablets to reduce the itching and make your dog more comfortable, and can also treat any infection that might be present.
If you are living in an area where your dog may be bitten by mosquitos, then you should check with your veterinarian to find out if they need medication to prevent heartworm.
Heartworm is a serious, often fatal illness in dogs that is difficult and expensive to treat. Prevention is much better for your dog (and your wallet) than treatment.
There are various different medications that are available to help protect your dog, including tablets, spot-ons, or injections – speak to your veterinarian to find the options where you live.
Recovery from mosquito bites
Most dogs will recover from a mosquito bite in a few days. You should see the red area start to shrink down and become paler, and it should be less itchy for your dog.
It may be helpful to take photos of the bite once per day, so you can track how it changes. If the bite appears unchanged after a week, then you should see your veterinarian.
Preventing mosquito bites on dogs
Mosquitos live and breed in stagnant water, and are most active at dawn and dusk. Try to avoid walking your dog near these kinds of areas at this time of day.
If you have a pond or lake on your property, then there are several different ways (opens in new tab) to prevent mosquitos from breeding there.
You can also get collars containing compounds that will repel mosquitos and stop them from biting your dog. Speak to your veterinarian for more information.
Mosquito bites can be very irritating to dogs, and in some cases can cause significant swelling and itchiness.
Most mosquito bites will go down by themselves, but some will need treatment from a veterinarian, especially if there is severe swelling or infection. If you live in an area where mosquito bites are a risk, you should check with your veterinarian to see if your dog needs heartworm prevention.
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