Can cats eat dog treats? A vet's guide to whether dog treats are bad for cats

Can cats eat dog treats? Black cat being fed a treat by owner
(Image credit: Getty Images)

If you’re the proud pet parent of both a dog and a cat, you might find yourself asking the question 'can cats eat dog treats?' After all, you might find your cat shooting longing glances your way when you give the dog something tasty, and it’s natural not to want your puss to feel left out! 

These days, there are many different types of the best dog treats available, from chews and sticks to pastes and biscuits. So, are there any types of dog treats that your feline friend can enjoy too, or is it safer to stick to cat treats?

Can dogs and cats eat the same treats? 

When it comes to pet food and treats, they tend to be specifically formulated for cats or dogs, not both. And for a good reason, because cats and dogs are very different. You might think that when it comes to nutrition, a cat is just a smaller, less noisy dog!

But in fact, the nutrients required by cats are slightly different from those a dog needs to be healthy. Therefore, both cat food and the best cat treats will vary from dog food and dog treats. 

The main concerns with dog treats are that they sometimes contain small amounts of toxic ingredients that are safe for your dog but might not be for your cat. These ingredients are propylene glycol, ethylene glycol, onion, and garlic. 

Why do dog treats contain small amounts of these potentially toxic ingredients? 

It might seem odd that dog treats would contain an ingredient that is technically toxic, but the important thing to remember is that the amounts are so tiny that they are totally safe for your dog. 

The reason why propylene glycol and ethylene glycol are used is to keep the treat tasting moist, ensuring it appeals to your pooch. Onions or garlic tend to be used as flavourings, again to tantalise your dog's tastebuds! Dog treats are tested to ensure they're safe for dogs, but without the same testing, you can't be sure they are safe for your favourite feline.

Can cats eat dog chews? 

Dog chews, including antlers, bones, rawhide, and nylabones, are not a suitable treat for your kitty. It's unlikely that your cat would show much interest in a dog chew anyway! But if they did, it could cause damage to their teeth and mouth or even get stuck in their oesophagus. 

Can cats eat dog jerky? 

When compared to dog chews, dog jerky treats are a better alternative for your cat. This is because they have a softer texture, so they are less likely to break your cat's teeth. Most jerky treats don't contain any toxic preservatives or flavourings either, although it's still important to check just in case. 

However, the tough nature of jerky could make it a choking hazard for your cat, so you should always keep an eye on your kitty if you decide to offer them a jerky treat. Remember, though, that there are plenty of safe cat treats available, so the risk of offering your cat a dog jerky treat might not be worth it. 

Can cats eat soft dog treats and biscuit treats? 

Can cats eat dog treats

(Image credit: Getty Images)

Soft treats and biscuit treats might also be appropriate for your cat if they don't contain any toxic ingredients. It's crucial to check the ingredients list for these types of treats because the softer texture is often caused by increased moisture, which might mean the addition of propylene glycol. 

What happens if my cat eats dog treats? 

Most dog treats are unlikely to cause any harm to your cat, especially if they only eat a small amount. However, since the treats are aimed at dogs, they are not guaranteed to be safe for cats. 

If your cat has eaten a dog treat, check the ingredients list to see if there are any concerning ingredients. It’s also worth keeping the packaging to show your veterinarian just in case. As long as your cat appears well and is showing no symptoms, you should monitor them closely. But if they become unwell, or you have any concerns, speak to your veterinarian. 

Are there chew bones for cats? 

Although there are a few chews for cats available, there are no safe chew bones for cats. If you want to encourage your cat to chew to keep their teeth healthy or even to keep them occupied while you’re out, chew toys might be a safer option. 

So, what treats are best for my cat? 

Cats don't need treats, and they certainly don't rely on them as much as dogs do. However, if you want to give your cat treats, either to train them or to spoil them a little, it's best to stick to specific cat treats. You could even use their dry food as a treat to prevent them from gaining too much weight. If you do decide to offer them the occasional dog treat, make sure you check the ingredients first so that your feline friend can indulge without worry! 

Dr Hannah Godfrey is a small animal vet with a love of dentistry and soft tissue surgery. She lives in Wales with her partner, son, and their two cats.