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Dog won’t eat kibble: A vet's guide to feeding a fussy canine

dog wont eat kibble
(Image credit: Getty Images)

If your dog won’t eat kibble you might be a bit concerned, after all, most commercial dog foods come in this form! Sometimes it’s the kibble itself he doesn’t like, after all, what the best dry dog food is for one dog may not be preferred by another. 

There is variation in biscuit size, shape, and texture, as well as flavor. So just because he doesn’t like one type, it doesn’t mean he will dislike all of them.

However, there could be several other reasons he’s doesn’t want to eat his dry food, which we will explore further here.

Why won't my dog eat kibble?  

Your dog may not be eating his kibble because he’s developed an underlying health complaint, or maybe it’s because he is a bit fussy and doesn’t like the dry food you’ve offered. So first of all, you should try to work out which it is. 

Underlying health issues 

If your dog has eaten kibbles well up until now, then it could be a health complaint that has suddenly put him off his food. If he’s not keen on wet food or treats either, then it’s important to get him checked out by a vet as soon as possible. Many different health complaints could cause your dog to lose his appetite, including:

  • Dental issues 
  • Stomach upsets 
  • Pancreatitis 
  • Kidney disease 
  • Infections 
  • Liver disease 
  • Cancer 

Behavioral problems, like stress and anxiety, can also cause your dog to go off his food. Common examples include new people in the household, fireworks or a recent house move.

Your vet will start by examining your dog and may suggest further tests depending on their findings. Blood samples are often the next step and can be useful to look for causes of inappetence.

Fussy eater 

Some dogs are just fussy eaters! This tends to be more common in small breeds like Shih Tzus or Yorkshire Terriers. 

Many owners become worried that their pet has skipped a meal or two, and then start to supplement with treats like cooked chicken or bits of cheese. This is a slippery slope! Feeding him other foods will curb his appetite and he could develop a preference for this over more boring kibble, which will lead to an unbalanced diet.

Similarly, if your dog has always had one particular brand of food and then this is suddenly changed to another variety, he could turn his nose up because it isn’t his usual type.

Poor quality diet 

Make sure you are feeding your dog a good quality diet that is appropriate for his size and life stage (e.g. puppy, adult or senior). 

Some poorer quality diets may rely on cereals to bulk out their food and contain low amounts of meat or meat derivatives which could affect palatability. Have a look at our best dry dog food guide for inspiration. 

Issues with kibble size or shape 

Small dogs and puppies will require small-sized kibble and will struggle with large biscuits. Plus, if the kibble is too large for your dog, then it could be a choking hazard, especially in brachycephalic (flat-faced) breeds like Pugs.

As well as size, there can be variation in the shape of the kibble (meaty cubes, round biscuits, flat discs etc) so your dog may have a preference for one of these over another.

dog wont eat kibble

(Image credit: Getty Images)

What kibble should I feed my dog? 

Make sure your select a good quality brand of dog food, that is appropriate for your dog’s size and life stage. If you are changing your dog’s diet then make sure you gradually transition him onto his new food, mixing it with his old diet over several days first.

Why has my dog stopped eating kibble but eats treats? 

Your dog might be feeling poorly and can only be tempted into eating if it’s something really tasty, like a special treat. Other dogs just know to hold out for the good stuff! If you feed them lots of treats though this will curb their appetite for their main meal and lead to a nutritionally unbalanced diet. 

How to tell if your dog doesn't like their food 

If your dog seems reluctant to eat, picks at it or eats his meal slowly, then he may not like his food. Most dogs will eat quickly and keenly when their bowl is placed in front of them. So, if your dog is otherwise well and happy to eat other things, then he may not like the type of food that you’ve chosen for him. 

Is it bad if my dog won't eat kibble? 

You might be wondering ‘Is canned food or kibble best for my dog?’. Whilst neither is right or wrong, there are some definite advantages to feeding dry food over wet.

Dry food tends to be more cost-effective, easier to store and more accurate to measure out, especially for large breed dogs. There is also much more choice compared to tinned foods. 

Many people mistakenly think that dry food will be better for their pets’ teeth than wet, but this isn’t usually the case. Unless your diet contains a seal of approval from the Veterinary Oral Health Council (opens in new tab), any advantage over wet food is minimal.

To find out more about wet vs dry food check out our 'is dry dog food best?' guide.

dog next to food bowl

(Image credit: Getty Images)

How to encourage a dog to eat kibble 

 If your dog doesn’t like his kibble then you could try the following:

  •  Get them checked out by a vet, to ensure there is no jaw or dental pain 
  •  Try swapping brands to an alternative good quality dog food, perhaps with a different kibble size or shape
  •  Try moistening the kibbles. Soaking them in a bit of warm water before feeding can help give them a softer, meatier texture which some dogs may prefer
  •  Make sure you give fresh biscuits each day and keep your dog’s food in an airtight container to stop it from going stale, which could make it unappetising 
  •  Always provide plenty of fresh water, as dogs are thirstier on dry food diets 

Conclusion 

If your dog won’t eat his dry kibble, then make sure there are no underlying health reasons for this with your vet. Ultimately though, it’s ok if your dog wants to stick to wet food, as long as it’s appropriate for his life stage and he is maintaining a healthy body weight. 

Rebecca is a veterinary surgeon who graduated in 2009 from the Royal Veterinary College in London. She has a wealth of experience in first opinion small animal practice, having done a mixture of day-to-day routine work, on-call emergency duties and managerial roles over the years. She enjoys medicine in particular and she is proud to have recently achieved a BSAVA postgraduate certificate in small animal medicine (with commendation). She writes on various feline and canine topics, including behavior, nutrition, and health. Outside of work and writing she enjoys walking her own dog, spending time with her young family and baking!