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Are snuffle mats good for dogs? A vet's view

cat and dog with a snuffle mat
(Image credit: Getty Images)

Are you wondering "Are snuffle mats good for dogs?" You’re not alone! The best snuffle mats for dogs have taken the world by storm over the last five years or so, and are often recommended as the ‘must have’ slow feeder for dogs eating dry dog food. But what are snuffle mats? Are they good for dogs? Or do they have downsides that pet parents should be aware of? 

What is a snuffle mat?

Snuffle mats are a type of dog puzzle toy. They are designed to hide dry food, making it more difficult to eat and encouraging dogs to use their hunting skills to locate it. A snuffle mat consists of a rubber, fabric, or plastic mat base. Fabric (usually fleece) is then knotted or sewn into the base with long tails left sticking up as if to imitate grass. Dry food, treats, or kibble can then be sprinkled into the mat so that the dog has to seek it out.

Most dogs love using a snuffle mat as it allows them to use their powerful sense of smell to hunt out food. They come in various shapes and sizes. Some are washable, some have a heavy base to help them stay in one place, and there are even instructions for DIY snuffle mats.

Seven reasons why snuffle mats are good for dogs

So why should you use a snuffle mat for your dog or puppy? Well, there are lots of benefits of snuffle mats – let’s take a look at some of the main ones.

1. Provide mental stimulation to reduce boredom

Dogs get bored, and bored dogs are prone to naughty behaviors. Food is one of the best ways to motivate dogs and give them something to do all day. 

Dogs in the wild would have spent many hours looking for food, whereas pet dogs are served up their dinner in a bowl of food that is finished within minutes. This leaves plenty of time in his day for your dog to have to try and fill in other ways. Some dogs can become destructive or show other negative behaviors if they don’t receive enough mental stimulation. 

Using a snuffle mat means your dog can forage for his food, giving him mental stimulation. This is especially important in those that can’t have their usual mental or physical stimulation – for instance, those on restricted exercise as part of a recovery program from an injury or surgery.

2. Slows down eating to avoid bloat and stomach pain

If your dog gobbles his food too quickly then you are probably familiar with some of the effects of his speedy eating. Some dogs even use their abdominal muscles to create a vacuum, literally hoovering down their food. Vomiting, regurgitation, diarrhea, stomach pain, and even bloat are all common in dogs that eat too quickly. Luckily, using a snuffle mat is one of the ways that you can slow down their eating to reduce the risk of these things occurring.

3. Burns energy for a calmer dog

If your dog is full of energy and always on the go, then you’ll be pleased to hear that the snuffle mat can help them to calm down. As well as providing mental stimulation, the sniffing and foraging behaviors help to produce happy hormones and allows your dog to focus for a while. Spending 15 minutes using their brain in this way can be just as tiring as walking for an hour, so it’s a great way to get them to burn energy while you get on with other things!

PAW5: Wooly Snuffle Mat $39.85 (opens in new tab)
This 12" x 18" snuffle mat is handmade using non-toxic, sustainable materials and is suitable for any size of dog. It’s designed with canines in mind but the modern gray coloring means it won’t be an eyesore around the house. The mat is fully machine washable making it easy to keep clean and fresh.

4. Provides entertainment to help curb separation anxiety

Snuffle mats, along with other food puzzle toys, can help with separation anxiety in dogs. These toys can give your dog a welcome distraction when you leave the house, giving them something else to think about. They can also help your dog to play independently without you needing to be by his side all the time. If your dog is already suffering from separation anxiety, then you should talk to a dog behaviorist about appropriate steps to take alongside the snuffle mat. Other training methods are likely to be needed alongside these toys to help your pet.

5. Encourages use of the brain to help stave off doggy dementia

Doggy dementia (or ‘Canine Cognitive Dysfunction’/CCD) is a common condition of older dogs. Like humans, dogs suffering with dementia become anxious in their senior years. They struggle to remember commands and may forget their toilet training. Some dogs can become forgetful day-to-day, too, and their sleep-wake cycle can change, causing insomnia. It’s thought that the onset of canine dementia can be slowed by encouraging dogs to continue using their brains as they age. In other words, a snuffle mat works like a Sudoku to help senior brains stay active!

6. Helps with doggy diets by reducing begging

Sadly, many modern dogs are overweight. In fact, it’s so common that vets consider it to be one of the most concerning welfare issues dogs are facing. Unfortunately, ‘giving in when my pet begs for food’ was the most common reason (opens in new tab) given by owners for dogs to be overweight. One advantage of snuffle mats is that they slow down eating, giving the body time to recognise the fact it’s full. Dogs fed slowly will feel full towards the end of their meal, reducing the amount of begging occurring afterwards. In turn, this should help owners stick to their dog’s diet and help them shift those extra pounds!

7. It gives their nose a good workout

One of the senses that dogs rely on most is their sense of smell. Dogs are constantly using their noses when out on walks, taking pleasure in sniffing out all sorts of interesting things. At home, a dog’s life can be a bit more boring. The snuffle mat gives them an extra opportunity to give their nose a good workout. Most dogs enjoy the action of sniffing things out just as much as they do the food reward at the end!

Sometimes these mats are used to help train working animals like search and rescue or sniffer dogs. They are sometimes referred to as nosework mats when used in this way.

Do snuffle mats have any downsides, then?

Well, put simply, not really. In fact, I asked a large group of vets what they thought, and nobody has seen any medical or behavioral issues with them! 

Of course, theoretically, they could prove a choking hazard or end up as a foreign object if your dog chews and swallows the mat – so supervise your dog and make sure they’re using it correctly, especially if they’re a known ‘chewer’. As with all of the best dog toys, you should remove and replace them when it becomes old or torn to reduce the chances of pieces coming off and being swallowed.

Make sure you keep the snuffle mat clean. Small bits of food that have been missed by your dog could go stale or encourage pests, so check it regularly. Some mats can be machine washed whereas others might need handwashing. Either way, it’s a good idea to give your mat a good clean now and then to keep things fresh.

Snuffle mats can only be used with dried treats or kibble. Anything else will make a big mess of your fabric mat pretty quickly! If your dog only eats wet food, then you should try an alternative like a rubber Kong-type toy or a ‘lickimat’ (a knobbly rubber mat that wet food can be smeared on for your dog to lick off gradually).

In some dogs that show resource guarding behaviours, snuffle mats may not be a good choice. Increasing the length of time it takes a dog to eat his food is fine for many dogs, but if a dog is anxious and guarding his food it might be best to let him eat as quickly as he likes, especially if there are other pets in the house that might come sniffing! If your dog guards his food from other pets or people, you should talk to a behaviorist about the best ways to help, as resource guarding can be very dangerous.

It’s also worth bearing in mind that brachycephalic breeds (like pugs or English bulldogs) may struggle with snuffle mats. Their flat faces mean they can’t poke their noses deep into the snuffle mat to get treats out.

Conclusion

So, that’s it! Snuffle mats are a great way to entertain a dog and provide them with mental stimulation as well as slow their eating. Working for your food is far more entertaining and rewarding than simply being given a large bowl full, and they’re suitable for puppies, elderly dogs, and those recovering from physical injury or surgery. Why not give it a go?

After graduating as a veterinarian from the University of Nottingham, Dr Joanna Woodnutt went on to practice companion animal medicine in the Midlands. She quickly developed a love of consulting and helping clients with medical problems such as dermatology, behaviour and nutrition - anything that involved helping clients understand their pets better. Jo started writing about pet health in 2017, realising that it meant she could help even more pet parents. Since then, she has written for countless online and print publications and is a regular contributor for Edition Dog Magazine. Jo now lives in the Channel Islands with her husband Ian and terrier Pixie, and they are expecting their first child very soon.