It's important to know how to discipline a puppy from the outset. And if there is one thing we want you to take away from this, it's that disciplining a puppy through shouting or physical means will be a lot more destructive to you and your furry friend's relationship than using positive reinforcement.
While getting angry at your puppy may seem like the way to resolve a tricky situation, it's far better to consider the root of the behavior instead. Having a good insight into your puppy's natural instincts can help you work out what your furry friend is trying to tell you which, in turn, can lead to a solution that works for everyone.
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How do you effectively discipline a puppy?
The short answer on how to discipline a puppy is that you don't! Puppies are energetic and impulsive. They do things without thinking, and they aren't doing it to assert dominance or to defy you. They do it because it seems a fun thing to do. This is why puppies will not react in the desired way to discipline by punishments.
Verbal and physical discipline is simply not understood by dogs. Any shouting, smacks or time outs will not be associated with their bad actions, instead they will be associated with you – they will just think you are being mean to them for no apparent reason.
This can destroy your bond with your new canine friend and will cause your puppy not to trust you and even become aggressive in return. To effectively discipline your dog you need to take a step back and understand why they do the things they do.
Then use this understanding to reinforce better behaviors. From the very beginning you need to be their fun friend who rewards them when they behave the way you want them to.
How to tackle common puppy behaviors
Puppies explore their new world with their mouths. They want to taste and bite everything to help them understand their surroundings. This means it's easier to provide them with something more entertaining to chew on than your arms or shoes.
Distraction is the best way to get them to stop. Sadly, you will need to supervise them pretty much 24/7 to ensure they don't turn their gnawing teeth to your precious belongings in the beginning, but it will be worth it in the long run.
Puppies will always choose to chew on something tasty rather than not, so providing them with lots of long lasting dog chews will satisfy their chewing cravings much more than your hands. Young dogs also chew because they are teething, so investing in quality teething toys for puppies is also advisable.
It's good to provide them with a space you can puppy-proof like a kitchen. However, do not shut them away on their own - dogs are social creatures, so it's better to keep them in a room which they can share with others. This also allows you to supervise their behavior and distract them with something better to chew on the moment they start gnawing where they shouldn't.
If they bite during play - which is more likely them just getting overexcited rather than them asserting dominance or looking to attack you - the best thing to do is just to stop playing with them and turn away from them. After a short pause start play again, remembering to stop each time biting occurs.
Note that rough play will pretty much always trigger biting, so is best avoided to stop them learning that rough-housing is desired behavior – it's cute when they are a puppy, but not so much fun with a full-grown dog! For more information, read our guide on how to play with a puppy.
Chewing furniture is an innate behavior caused by puppies exploring their environment with their teeth. It's best to provide them with variety of other things which are a lot more fun to chew on. Supervision and deterring behavior through distraction is the best way to wean them off this behavior.
Remember, there is no point in taking a dog to an already chewed piece of furniture and scolding them in front of it. If they have chewed something when you've missed them doing it, you could consider spraying a dog-friendly deterrent such as bitter apple spray to make those table legs less appealing to your furry friend.
A puppy jumping up is a natural greeting behavior between a dog and its family. It is their way of getting the eye contact and the attention they crave.
Again, shouting or violence is not the answer when looking to stop this behavior. Patience and positive reinforcement, although harder to do when they are seemingly being naughty, will provide you with better and longer lasting results.
It's important to start the reinforcement of how you expect your puppy to behave straight away. When greeting them crouch down and keep your hands by your sides as they approach. Also gently praise them as they approach. If your pup does jump up, simply place their paws back on the floor and gently massage them under their chin. If they keep doing it turn away.
Don't shout or make sudden movements when they get it wrong, a calm demeanour will mean they know you are happy to see them, and they will want to please you.
When a visitor is coming to call, place your puppy in another room so they don't have to deal with the excitement of a stranger invading their home straight away. This also gives you a chance to tell your visitor what to expect and how to deal with it.
Before letting your puppy in encourage your visitor to crouch down and not make any large or over-reaching gestures. Also ask them to place the pup's feet back on the floor if they do jump up. This means when you do introduce the puppy to them your puppy won't receive mixed signals on what is right to do when greeting people.
Puppy won't listen
Puppies are excitable creatures, so if they aren't responding to you, it's important to remove all possible distractions first.
Exercise your dog before starting training. If they are full of pent-up energy, it's unlikely they are going to be ready to listen to you, they just want to bound around and play. It's also important to be calm when training your dog – frustration at them not doing what you want them to do will just confuse your puppy, and will mean they won't react to you.
Puppies are also much more likely to respond to non-verbal commands than verbal ones. They anticipate what you want them to do by reacting to actions you may not even be aware you are making.
If your puppy isn't listening to commands they have understood before, check you aren't doing something different that may be stopping the physical movements you usually make when asking them to do something: Are you carrying shopping? Are you restricting your movements by sitting? Are you not giving them your full attention? Take time, to engage fully with them when you want them to do something.
Check too that other members of the household are asking them to do things in the same way you are. If your pup is getting confusing signals, they may just not know which behavior is expected of them, so don't do anything. Consistency is very important, especially in the early days while they are still coming to terms with the new exciting world they have found themselves in.
Puppy peeing in the house
By now, you won't be surprised to her that it's counterproductive to discipline a puppy when potty training. Sure, it's very tempting to yell at them when they relieve themselves in your house, especially if you catch them in the act. However, this action may well lead them to believe that it is peeing in front of you that is making you yell, not where they are doing it.
This can lead to them hiding in other rooms to do it, or to wait until you are out, and you've just made the issue worse. It can even lead to them not wanting to relieve themselves in front of you on walks.
Scolding them if you discover it later is equally bad, as the puppy will not associate the punishment with the mess on the floor – they just think you are shouting at them for no reason, and they will learn to fear you.
The best way to prevent indoor accidents is to ensure your puppy has lots of access to areas where they are allowed to pee – so regular visits outside, and rewards and attention being given when they relieve themselves in the right places is important. It can take over three weeks to learn they are expected to only in certain places, so be patient. Remember, human children take years to learn this, so cut your little furball a little slack!
It is on you to supervise them when they are indoors and if they display activity that suggests they need to go, to take them outside straight away. It's sensible to take them out after they wake up, after playing, and after eating and drinking, as these are often the times they most need to go. Very young puppies can't hold their bladder very long, so they may need to be given access to an outside area every half hour when they first join your household.
If accidents do happen, make sure you clean the area thoroughly. You don't want your dog smelling where it has been before and to associate it with that action. Use soap or detergent to ensure there are no smell traces left – remember your furry friend's nose is a lot more sensitive than yours. Read How to get dog pee out of the carpet and floors for more advice.
Regular urination inside can also be caused by medical issues, such as diabetes, urinary infections and kidney problems. If positive reinforcement isn't working after three weeks, a trip to the vets should be your next stop.
Whining is a very emotive noise and many pet owners can find it very distracting. However, that doesn't mean you should punish your puppy for whining, instead it's better to try to ignore them and then only when they stop, reward them with a treat or some attention.
If the reason for the whining is obvious, like them wanting to go out for a toilet break, then respond to it to prevent them making a mess in the house, but try to be selective on how often you react to a whine. If your new furry friend learns that whining gets them food or attention, they may well carry this behavior on into adulthood.
If the whining is persistent and they seem to be in distress, this could show they are in pain or anxious about something. Again, verbal or physical discipline will not help you here, it's more likely that a trip to the vet is in order to check for any underlying conditions.
Jamie Middleton is a freelance editor and writer who has been editing and creating content for magazines and websites for over 20 years. As well as writing about the pets he loves, he has helped create websites about tech and innovation like TechRadar.com, Innovate UK and TechSPARK, written programmes for music festivals, books on inventions and architecture, TV listings magazines, and edited publications about cars such as Lexus, Toyota and Jaguar. In his spare time he writes fiction books and poetry - or at least he does when he is permitted to by his cat Pirate, who enjoys the warmth of laptops too much to allow being creative to get in the way.
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